EVENTS

 

 

ST. AUGUSTINE PARISH NEWS

Notice to Parishioners from Deacon Ken

Adoration/Evening Prayers 2 Apr 2020

All,

The attachment is what you will need for Adoration/Evening prayers at 7PM live streamed from Saint Benedicts. Some quick instructions:

Evening Prayers 2 April 2020

A: Everybody (Psalms and Canticle, Antiphons after the Psalms and Canticles).

A: with blue letters, requires an action (Make the Sign of the Cross/Bow at the waist)

“Tantum Ergo” is the Latin version (the bottom two verses). There will be music, wait for it

Evening Prayers began about 700AD. It began because the Masses couldn’t read the bible, so they learned to sing the Psalms. The Church would be separated into two parts. One side would sing one stanza of the Psalm or Canticle and the other side would sing the next. It was kind of like
a call and respond. Tonight, we’ll be praying the Psalms with all the Saints who have gone before us.

Relax and enjoy!
Deacon Ken sends…

ST. AUGUSTINE PARISH NEWS

Holy week schedule Live Streamed

Palm Sunday 4:30 mass St Mary
10:00 am mass Sunday St. Benedict.

Holy Thursday 6 Pm st Mary

Good Friday noon Station of the cross St. Benedict.
3 pm Good Friday Service St St. Benedict.

Holy Saturday 8 pm St Marys

Easter Sunday 10 am St. Benedict.

ST. AUGUSTINE PARISH NEWS

Notice to Parishioners

Next Saturday, the 4:30 Mass will be live streamed from St. Mary’s, and the Sunday 10 AM Mass will be live streamed from St. Benedict.

As you our parishioners are aware, all church services have been cancelled to help us fight the corona virus. We ask to remember that the expenses of our church are ongoing and that our main source of income is your contributions. If you would like to donate at this time, we have several options you might use:

Mail your contributions to the rectory at 6891 Weaver Road, Germantown, 45327.

Go to our Website: http://catholicsmart.com and use the link https://catholicsmart.weshareonline.org/ to give electronically.

We thank you for your continued generosity and pray that we all come through this crisis safely.

May God be with you.

ST. AUGUSTINE PARISH NEWS

All Masses/liturgies have been suspended in the Archdiocese of Cincinnati through April 12th, 2020.


Follow the link below for more information.

Worship and Sacraments in a Time of Public Health-Concern.

 

ST. AUGUSTINE PARISH NEWS

Coronavirus 2019

Some steps taking by Region one to avoid spread of the virus.

1. Eucharistic ministers should sanitize their hands before distribution of communion
2. Advise that all communicants receive communion in their hands and not by the tongue as there may be the danger of transmittance by saliva.
3. Distribution of communion will be under one specie (the body appearance)
4. There will be no holding of hands during the Lord’s prayer as we normally do.
5. There will be no exchange of sign of peace at least by hand
6. We will advise that people should avoid as much hand shake as possible even at the doorway out.

Let us all cooperate with one another to help eradicate this decease with prayer and actions.

God bless
Fr. Francis Tandoh, C.S.Sp.
Pastor Region one of Dayton

 

ST. AUGUSTINE PARISH News

CATHOLIC CONFERENCE OF OHIO

March 16, 2020

 

Dear Brothers and Sisters in Christ,
After serious consideration of the grave health risk involved in public gatherings and in order to curb the spread of the Coronavirus, the bishops of Ohio have decided, effective immediately, to suspend temporarily all publicly celebrated Masses/liturgies, at least through the celebrations of Holy Week and Easter. The bishops of Ohio dispense the Catholic faithful who reside in their respective dioceses and all other Catholics currently in Ohio from the obligation of attending Sunday Mass through Easter Sunday.
This decision is not taken lightly and, as your bishops, causes us great sadness. However, after consultation with the governor and health officials we are convinced that this is the most prudent and necessary action.
Science has proven that participation in public gatherings significantly increases the risk of contagion. This poses a serious danger to those especially most vulnerable.
As Catholics, in every Sunday Mass we celebrate the passion, death and resurrection of our Lord. The Holy Eucharist is the source and summit of our faith. In this moment, we are experiencing in a unique way the passion of our Lord as this pandemic prevents us from gathering for the Sunday Eucharist. In this very difficult time, we encourage the faithful to turn to the Church’s treasury of prayer. Sunday remains a holy day, and we encourage the faithful to pray using the rich resources of our faith, including praying as a family or individually the rosary, divine mercy chaplet, the Liturgy of the Hours, stations of the cross, etc. We also urge you to participate in prayer by way of radio broadcast or televised or live-streamed Mass and make a spiritual communion.
Please join us in praying for all who are suffering from illness or disease of any kind, for all health care workers, and for an easing of the anxiety and tension caused by this situation. Relying on the Motherly care of Our Lady, we unite our sufferings to those of Our Lord Jesus Christ, who is our healing and our hope.

Most Rev. Dennis M. Schnurr Chairman Catholic Conference of Ohio Archbishop of Cincinnati
Most Rev. Joseph R. Binzer Auxiliary Bishop Archdiocese of Cincinnati

Most Rev. Robert J. Brennan Bishop of Columbus
Most Rev. Jeffrey M. Monforton Bishop of Steubenville

———————————————————————————————————————————————————–

From: Ken Stewart

Subject: All Public Masses Canceled

All,

   It is with great sadness that I inform you that Mickey Samworth passed away this morning.  The
Family is meeting with Jerry Dalton to make arrangements Tuesday morning.  We’ll have to wait for
Father Francis’ direction with moving forward to have or not have a public funeral.  My feeling is that
it will be a grave side service only.  It breaks my heart knowing how many funerals at St. A.  Mickey
served.
 
     As I am sure you are all aware of, ALL public Masses are suspended until Easter.  There will
be no rosary, Adult Faith Formation, Stations and Soup or Taize.  Hunker down and keep your family
close.  Keep an eye on any elderly friends and neighbors you might have. 
 
The Archdiocese is livestreaming daily and Sunday Masses.  Visit their website at
http://www.catholiccincinnati.org.  You’ll learn more about the Archdiocese plan to combat covid-19, and how to
livestream Masses on the website.
 
Father Brian at Saint Francis of Assissi, is going to livestream Stations of the Cross.  You can visit their website
 
Please remember to pray for those who are most vulnerable because of their age, or because of weakened
immune systems.
 
God Bless You all!
 
Deacon Ken sends…
 
 

ST. AUGUSTINE PARISH News

Confined-to-Your-Home

      A really good article from the Archdiocese of Louisville’s newspaper about dealing with these difficult times: listed below is a link to this article.

https://therecordnewspaper.org/confined-to-your-home-archbishop-recommends-a-prayer-routine/

 

ST. AUGUSTINE PARISH NEWS

PRAY FOR OUR SHUT-INS

Please keep in your prayers our shut-ins: Toni Moore, Robert Schell, Ray Metzger. Please pray for the soul of Wallace Winter who passed away Sunday March 01, 2020.

 

ST. AUGUSTINE PARISH NEWS

FISH FRY TIME

CARRY OUT ONLY

 

ST. AUGUSTINE PARISH NEWS

“All Points Bulletin

Canceled: Starting Friday February 28th and Every Friday during Lent Soup and Stations at 6:30 PM

ST. AUGUSTINE Sewing Group

Canceled

The St. Augustine Sewing group will meet  Monday March 16 at 10 am. We will continue to sew purses for the Sew Powerful  Purse Project. All are welcome. Contact Joan Cameron after if you have questions.

ST. AUGUSTINE PARISH NEWS

“What Catholics Believe”

Canceled

      Beginning February 5th, Adult Faith Formation will be discussing “What Catholics Believe”. Each class time is roughly forty-five minutes to one hour long depending on discussion time. Tentatively scheduled for the first Wednesday of each month for 5 months, this class may evolve into the first and third Wednesdays of the Month for 2 1/2 months.
      Additionally, the same class will be conducted following Mass beginning on Sunday February 9th at the Rectory. They will determine class dates on the 9th. Contact Deacon Ken for the Wednesday evening class or Fran Delegato for the Sunday morning Class. Since the class utilizes handouts help us to get good count so that we have enough handouts. Late comers are welcome, we’ll get you a handout!

 

ST. AUGUSTINE PARISH NEWS

Ministry Fair

If you were unable to attend the Ministry Fair and you are interested in joining one of our ministries please contact the office 855-2289 and you will be directed to someone that can help you.

Sonshine in a Bag

ST. AUGUSTINE PARISH will participate and supports the FIRST CHURCH OF GOD with their “SONSHINE IN A BAG” food program. What is Sonshine in a Bag? The Sonshine in a Bag program provides bags of food for the weekend to students who qualify through a teacher/counselor/psychologist/staff referral. They refer students who they feel could benefit from receiving food from this program. Many of these children are on the free and reduced lunch program at school. For many of these children, the food they receive for lunch at school may be the only food they receive for the day. Ensuring that children have nutritious food available to meet their needs will help them to concentrate better during school, have less behavioral issues, and improve school attendance. The purpose of this program is to provide these students with nutritious food for the weekend. In return this will help the students be more successful in school and have a brighter future.

How Can I Help?

Donate By Check: Please make Checks to Germantown First Church of God and designate for Sonshine in a Bag. Checks can be mailed to Germantown First Church of God 760 Farmersville Pike Germantown, OH 45327

Donate Food Items: click below to see the list of needed items (please purchase items only on the list).

Donations will be accepted every Sunday after the 8:15 am Mass. For more information and the “Sonshine in a Bag”

Sonshine in a Bag Food List

 

ST. AUGUSTINE PARISH NEWS

The Spirit of Sister Dorothy Stang Award

Sister Dorothy Stang from the Archdiocese of Cincinnati served as a missionary in Brazil and died as a martyr. The Spirit of Sister Dorothy Stang award is given in every parish to a parishioner or group who has modeled an extraordinary level of commitment to serving those in need either locally, nationally or around the world. Angie and Michael Valenti and Family are this year’s award winner for St. Augustine. We appreciate all the work the Valenti Family does to support our parish and community. Congratulations to the Valenti’s for this well deserved recognition!

 

ST. AUGUSTINE PARISH NEWS

Online Donations

You Can Now Donate Online to the St. Augustine Church.
Be Generous as God is Generous

Click Below to Donate

 

https://catholicsmart.weshareonline.org

 

 

ST. AUGUSTINE PARISH NEWS
QUARTERLY SVDP REPORT

The St. Vincent De Paul St. Augustine Conference made 6 home visits providing assistance to 19 adults and children during the 3rd quarter of 2019.  Your donations were spent in the following manner:

 

    $ 1,000 for Utilities

 

Donations from St. Augustine Parishioners, along with financial support from the Dayton District enabled us to meet the needs of our neighbors.  The Kroger Rewards program for this financial quarter increased SVDP’s bank account by $72. Many thanks for your continued monetary support and prayers to help the St. Vincent De Paul society help others in our Germantown/Farmersville/New Lebanon community.

 If anyone who isn’t participating in the Kroger Community Rewards program is interested in signing up, please contact Barb Maichle for additional information. Many thanks for your continued monetary support and prayers to help the St. Vincent De Paul society help others in our Germantown/Farmersville/New Lebanon community.

ST. AUGUSTINE PARISH NEWS

St. Augustine Catholic Church’s Annual Report for the Fiscal Year 07/01/2018 to 06/30/2019 is now available Below.

St. Augustine Annual Report

 

ST. AUGUSTINE PARISH NEWS

THANK YOU!!

Thank you, Betty &Tim Stueve, for all the work they have done to make our flower beds look so pretty.
Thank you to all the people who keep our church looking beautiful with banners etc.

ST. AUGUSTINE PARISH NEWS

THANK YOU!!

A big thank you to Joe Devillez for installing new kneelers where needed at St. Augustine. They are very nice.

GREAT NEWS

Support St.Vincent dePaul When you Shop at Kroger

Help St. Augustine Conference/ St. Vincent dePaul earn dollars from Kroger fundraising program !!

1. Go to http://www.kroger.com/community rewards.
2. Sign into your online Kroger account (or create an account if you don’t have one yet).
3. Click Kroger Community Rewards, search for “St.Augustine Church Germantown/St.Vincent dePaul” by name or by JP967, then click enroll. or call call 1-800-576-4377
4. Each time you use your registered Kroger Card, Kroger makes a donation to “St.Augustine Church Germantown/St.Vincent dePaul”. Your fuel points or discounts will not be affected.
If any questions about the program see St. Augustine parishioner, Barb Maichle before or after Sunday Mass.

 

2019 CMA

Archbishop Schnurr sends his thanks to everyone from St. Augustine, St. Benedict the Moor and St. Mary who has pledged to the 2019 Catholic Ministries Appeal. If you have not yet made your pledge, please consider doing so this week. These important local ministries depend on our help each year. You will find extra pledge envelopes in the pews for your convenience this weekend. To make a pledge securely online, please visit http://CatholicAppeal.net. Thank you!

     

THANK YOU

To my parish families and friends of St Augustine, St Benedict and St Mary, I would personally like to thank all of you for making me feel a part of your parish families over the past several years. I would also like to thank you for the kind monetary gift you recently gave me as well. It was always my pleasure to celebrate masses with you. Each one of you always made me feel welcome. You will all be in my prayers and may each and every one of you continue to receive the blessing and love of Our Lord Jesus Christ and of his Blessed Mother Mary. Thank You again.

Yours in Christ, Father Dominic

 

ST. AUGUSTINE PARISH NEWS

REGIONAL FUND-RAISING COMMITTEE

Fr. Francis is seeking a small committee to explore ideas and coordinate the execution of fund raisers to support church operations. Father is asking for two (2) representatives from each church to join the Team. Please Volunteer!! It will be a fun way to help our parishes! Everyone interested should see a Parish Council Member before leaving church today. You can also call your church office and leave a message.

THANK YOU!

OTHER AREA EVENTS

https://www.catholicsmart.com/area-events/

————————————————————————–

Test your Catholic IQ! (Courtesy of OLGH)
Sunday, April 5, 2020
Holly Week

1. On what day during Lent does the Bishop bless holy oils for the year?

a. Holy Thursday
b. Holy Saturday
c. Tuesday of Holy Week
d. Wednesday of Holy Week

2. When Does Lent officially end?

a. sunrise Easter Sunday
b. sundown Holy Thursday
c. sundown Holy Saturday
d. the end of Holy Thursday services

3. What is the Triduum?

a. refers to the Holy Trinity
b. sunrise Holy Thursday to sunrise Easter Sunday
c. Mon., Tue., Wed. of Holy Week
d. sundown Holy Thursday to Sundown Easter Sunday

4. What is the one day of the year when the Catholic Church does not have a Mass?

a. Holy Saturday
b. Good Friday
c. Monday after Easter
d. Wed. of Holy Week

5. What day of Holy Week is the Altar stripped?

a. after Masses on Palm Sunday
b. Sunset on Wed. of Holy Week
c. After Mass on Holy Thursday
d. beginning of Good Friday Services

answers next week:

———————————————————————————–

Test your Catholic IQ! (Courtesy of OLGH)
Sunday, March 29, 2020
Lent

1. On what Sunday during Lent does the priest bless palms?

a. Palm Sunday
b. Easter Sunday
c. Laetare Sunday
d. Gaudete Sunday

2. What event in the life of Jesus do the palms recall for us?

a. The scourging at the pillar
b. The crowning of thorns
c. The entrance into Jerusalem
d. The agony in the garden

3. How many times does Jesus fall in the Station of the Cross?

a. 6
b. 3
c. 4
d. 1

4. Which feast day always comes during Lent?

a. Annunciation
b. Assumption
c. St. Joseph’s Feast
d. Presentation

5. On which animal did Jesus ride into Jerusalem?

a. Camel
b. Donkey
c. Elephant
d. Horse

This week’s answers:
1. a
2. c
3. b
4. c
5. b

————————————————————————–

Test your Catholic IQ! (Courtesy of OLGH)
Sunday, March 22, 2020
Stations of the Cross

1. What are the Stations of the Cross?

a. The points of the Cross where Jesus was crucified
b. The steps of Jesus’ last day on Earth as a man
c. The place people go to pray for Jesus on Easter
d. The crosses located at Jesus’ burial site

2. When do Catholics pray the Stations of the Cross?

a. Advent
b. New Year
c. Pentecost
d. Lent

3. During which Station, does Jesus receive His cross?

a. The first station
b. The final station
c. The second station
d. He started at the beginning already with the cross

4. Who helps Jesus with his physical burdens during the fifth station?

a. Simon of Cyrene
b His Blessed Mother
c. John the Apostle
d. Judas

5. The Twelfth Station is “Jesus dies on the cross.” What were Jesus’ last words just before he died?

a. Father, into Thy hands I commend My spirit
b. Remember my promises
c. I will return in three days time
d. Father, forgive those who have sinned in my death

This week’s answers:

1. b
2. d
3. c
4. a
5. a

————————————————————————————

Test your Catholic IQ! (Courtesy of OLGH)
Sunday, March 15, 2020
St Patrick

1. March 17, the feast of Saint Patrick commemorates his ____________.

a. birth
b. death
c. conversion
d. graduation

2. Saint Patrick was born in Ireland.

TRUE FALSE

3. Saint Patrick’s color is ____________.

a. blue
b. green
c. gold
d. yellow

4. The symbol of Ireland is ____________.

a. snake
b. harp
c. shamrock
d. beer stein

5. Saint Patrick used a _____________ to teach about the trinity.

a. cross
b. apple
c. triangle
d. shamrock

This week’s answers:

1. b
2. False
3. a, The original color associated with St. Patrick is blue, not green as commonly believed. In several artworks depicting the saint, he is shown wearing blue vestments. King Henry VIII used the Irish harp in gold on a blue Flag to represent the country.
4. b
5. d

————————————————————————————

Test your Catholic IQ! (Courtesy of OLGH)
Sunday, March 8, 2020
Lent

1. What color vestment can the priest wear the fourth Sunday of Lent?

a. red
b. purple
c. rose
d. white

2. What prayer of the Mass is omitted during Lent?

a. Gloria
b. Holy, Holy
c. the opening prayer
d. intercessory prayer

3. What snack originated during Lent because it contains only flour, water and salt?

a. crackers
b. pretzels
c. flatbread
d. Captain Crunch

4. How many Stations of the Cross are there?

a. 10
b. 14
c. 20
d. 16

5. On what days are Catholics required to fast during Lent?

a. all Fridays
b. All Sundays
c. all Wednesdays
d. Ash Wednesday & Good Friday

This week’s answers:
1. c
2. a
3. b
4. b
5. d

————————————————————————————-

Test your Catholic IQ! (Courtesy of OLGH)
Sunday, March 1, 2020
Lent

1. What is Lent?

a. A season of repentance, prayer and fasting
b. A season leading up to Christmas
c. A time to remember the Virgin Mary
d. A season of hope, Mass and penance

2. What is the original meaning of the word Lent?

a. Prayer
b. Strength
c. Family
d. Spring

3. How many days are in Lent?

a. 15 days
b. 40 days
c. 46 days
d. 1 day

4. Why does Lent last 40 days?

a. Virgin Mary’s pregnancy lasted only 40 days
b  Noah spent 40 days on the Ark
c. Jesus spent 40 days in the desert praying and fasting
d. Moses spent 40 days on Mount Sinai with God

5. Which devotion has a special place during Lent?

a. Stations of the Cross
b. Novenas
c. Hail Mary
d. Triduum

This week’s answers:
1. a
2. d
3. b
4. c
5. a

————————————————————————————-

Test your Catholic IQ! (Courtesy of OLGH)
Sunday, February 23, 2020
Ash Wednesday

1. What is Ash Wednesday?

a. A holy day of obligation
b. The day marking the beginning of Lent
c. The day Jesus rose again
d. The last day of Lent

2. Ash Wednesday is a holy day of obligation?

TRUE or FALSE

3. Easter affects the day Ash Wednesday lands on.

TRUE or FALSE

4. The ashes on the forehead represent ______.

a. mourning and repentance
b the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ
c. commitment to God
d. a cool sign of faith

5. Can you eat meat on Ash Wednesday?

a. Yes, you only must abstain from eating meat on Fridays
b. No, meat is prohibited on Ash Wednesday

This week’s answers:

1. b, The day marking the beginning of Lent
2. False
3. True (it is 46 days before Easter)
4. a, mourning and repentance
5. b, No, meat is prohibited on Ash Wednesday, Good Friday and Fridays of Lent

————————————————————————————-

Sunday, February 16, 2020
Sacrament of Matrimony

1. The exchange of vows, called the “giving of_______,” is when the sacrament of Matrimony actually occurs.

a. consent
b. Flowers
c. rings
d. wedding cake

2. A divorced Catholic cannot remarry in the Catholic church unless his or her first marriage was __________.

a. performed in a foreign country
b annulled
c. celebrated before 1990
d. forgotten

3. Catholic couples celebrate their marriage ceremonies _______.

a. on a beach
b. in a church
c. at home
d. anywhere they want

4. It is possible for a Catholic to marry a non-Catholic in a valid Catholic wedding.

TRUE or FALSE

5. Saint _______ is the patron saint of married people.

a. Joseph
b. Tietheknot
c. Katharine Drexel
d. Michael

This week’s answers:

1. a, consent
2. b, annulled
3. b, in a church
4. True
5. a, Joseph

————————————————————————————-

Test your Catholic IQ! (Courtesy of OLGH)
Sunday, February 9, 2020
Saints of the Week

1. St. Scholastica, whose feast is Feb. 10th, is the sister of _____________.

a. St. Augustine
b. St. Benedict
c. St. Francis
d. Constantine

2. St. Scholastica is the patron saint of __________.

a. librarians
b. dentists
c. nuns
d. newborn babies

3. Sts.Cyril & Methodius, whose feast is Feb. 14, were brothers who believed in ___________.

a. receiving the Eucharist daily
b. receiving the Eucharist daily
c. the importance of celebrating the Eucharist in
your own language
d. weekly family dinners

4. St. Valentine was a kind hearted priest imprisoned by Claudius II for aiding young Christians. While he was in custody St. Valentine __________.

a. healed a fellow prisoner of a heart ailment
b. converted 46 members of the guards families
c. made conversation hearts
d. fasted for 46 days

This week’s answers:

1. b, St. Benedict
2. c, nuns
3. c, the importance of celebrating the Eucharist in your own language
4. b, converted 46 members of the guards families

————————————————————————————-

Test your Catholic IQ! (Courtesy of OLGH)
Sunday, February 2, 2020
Test Your Knowledge

1. Candlemas is a Christian Holiday celebrated on Feb. 2nd. It celebrates three occasions according to Christian belief: the presentation of the child Jesus, Jesus’ first entry into the temple and _______.

a. Jesus’ first outing
b. purification of the Virgin Mary
c. the light of Christ
d. the groundhogs shadow

2. The feast of Saint Blaise is celebrated each year on_____.

a. Feb. 1
b. Feb. 6
c. Feb. 3
d. Feb. 4

3. Saint Blaise is the patron saint of _______.

a. doctors
b. firemen
c. illnesses of the throat
d. candle makers

4. Some Catholic parishes commemorate the feast of St. Blaise by _______.

a. lighting extra candles
b. blessing throats
c. handing out candles
d. blessing animals

This week’s answers:

1. b, purification of the Virgin Mary
2. c, Feb. 3
3. c, illnesses of the throat
4. b, blessing throats

————————————————————————————-

Father Jim Willig’s Gospel teachings every Sunday on Sacred Heart Radio at 7:30 and 9:30 am. Sacred Heart Radio broadcasts in Greater Cincinnati on 740AM, Hamilton on 89.5FM, and Dayton on 910AM. Also listen anytime on Heart to Heart’s website: http://www.heartoheart.org.

 

RELIGIOUS RETIREMENT FUND

Help care for elders. “Thanks to support from the Retirement Fund for Religious, we are now in a much better position to care for our elders,” writes a religious sister. Your donation helps her religious community and hundreds of others provide for aging members and plan for long-term needs. Please give to next week’s Retirement Fund for Religious collection

ST. AUGUSTINE PARISH NEWS

FIRST COMMUNION & CONFIRMATION

If your child is ready for First Communion or Confirmation, please call the parish office and leave your name and phone number. Classes for the year have begun.

 

MEMBERSHIP IN OUR PARISHES

A “Hearty Welcome” to all new members. Please call the church offices 268-6697 (St. Benedict) 256-5633 (St. Mary) or 855-2289 (St. Augustine) to register. Please notify the offices when moving or of any change in address. This will help us update our census information.

 

ST. AUGUSTINE PARISH NEWS

If you would like to become a Sacristan please contact Sylvia Hess or Fran Delegato!!

 

ST. VINCENT DE PAUL CONFERENCE

If you have some extra time and you would like to help the needy, the St. Vincent De Paul Conference at St. Augustine could always use some new members. If interested, please contact  Sylvia M. Hess at the church office at 855-2289 or home at 855-6649 for further information.